A lot of writers all around the world are currently attempting NaNoWriMo, a month-long endeavour of completing a manuscript of 50k words or more. This is when a lot of writers try to pen the novel of their dreams, in the hopes of finally publishing it. After this long, arduous and exciting project comes to the processes of publishing.


The first step is to get your manuscript edited and proofread. What exactly does that entail? This is what we go through now.


What can an editor do for you?

Editing is a really broad umbrella term used to describe the process of refining any text for grammar and language errors. An editor usually checks any given document for punctuation errors, spelling mistakes, redundancies and run-on sentences, among other things grammar and language.

However, as is the case with most large documents (such as dissertations, books, etc.), one can’t simply perform a cursory edit. So an editor also ensures that your manuscript is consistent in storyline, logic, and its structure as such.

What are the levels of editing?

Copy editing

This is the first round of editing generally undertaken by an editor. A copyeditor takes care of, in addition to grammar and punctuation, a writer’s stylistic requirements.

Substantive editing 

This is the process of an editor delving in-depth into the text – chapter by chapter, scene by scene  – to make sure that the prose is tightly-knit and well written.

Developmental editing 

Developmental editing cares more about large-level concerns like structuring.


Proofreading is the final step of refining a document. Once you have implemented your editor’s changes, once you are confident with what you’ve written. Your editor will do one last round of grammar, punctuation and spell-check.


Where can you find an editor? 

  1. In-house editors in publications houses.
  2. in-house editors in academic publications as reviewers.
  3. Editing and proofreading firms such as PaperTrue, dedicated to improving the text and no other stake
  4. Freelancers



That’s it from us. We hope this primer helps you in your search for future manuscripts. Don’t forget to bookmark our Resource Center for future articles on fiction writing.