Scholarly peer review is the process of field related expert review academic research papers before they are published in journals. Peer review, for the last 300 or so years has been considered the hallmark of good scientific writing

Peer review is a process of evaluating a work of research before it is published in a journal or a conference proceeding. The aim is to ensure that the work is

What does peer review aim to check? 

  • Checking that the research is sound, ethical and scientific 
  • It is well-written, and properly edited and proofread 
  • It is part of a larger trajectory of research tradition within the subject 

One of the reasons that it is considered a scientific is that it aims to be impartial.

Given that research itself is of various types, the process to assess research also as diverse and specific to each type. For example, case studies and literature reviews are carried out under very different paradigms and therefore cannot be assessed in the same manner. 


For an academic, it becomes crucial to decide not only which journal to pick for publication but also understand the selection process for the same. 

Now, onward to navigating the peer review process. 

In order to determine whether or not a paper is fit to be publishers, editors of prospective publications seek out experts (or ‘referees’ )in your field to whom advance copies are sent for review. The number of referees chosen for this process varies across disciplines but is usually from one to three.

When a refree reviews a paper, it is with the intention of pursuing any of the following courses of action:

  1. To accept the manuscript for publication, with or without editing
  2. To accept the manuscript for publication, with or without editing
  3. To reject the manuscript, and ask author to expand on exisiting work
  4. To outright reject the manuscipt.